1582 Diagnoses

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Coding of diagosis: Green = Common, Red = Less common but 'important not to miss', Orange = Uncommon
DiagnosisScenarios(s)
'baby blues'[•Postpartum care•]
'growing pains'[•Child with sore joints•]
1-hydroxylase expressing haematological malignancies[•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•]
Campylobacter[•Diarrhoea•]
Giardia[•Diarrhoea•]
H. pylori infection[•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
Haemophilus influenzae[•Fever and headache•]
Haemophilus/Actinobacillus/Cardiobacterium/Eikenella/Kingella (HACEK)[•Fever and a new murmur•]
Listeria monocytogenes[•Fever and headache•]
Mycobacterium tuberculosis[•Fever and headache•]
N. meningitidis[•Fever and headache•]
S. pneumoniae[•Fever and headache•]
Salmonella[•Diarrhoea•]
Shigella[•Diarrhoea•]
abdominal aortic aneurysm[•Acutely painful limb•], [•Adult with abdominal mass•]
abdominal hernias[•Bowel obstruction•]
abdominal migraine[•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
abdominal/pelvic metastases[•Adult with abdominal mass•]
abnormal fetal heart rate pattern in labour[•Labour•]
abnormal fetal presentation (breech, cord)[•Labour•]
abscess[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•], [•Musculoskeletal lump•]
absence seizures[•Epilepsy / seizure•]
abuse[•Falls and collapses•]
accidental ingestion in young child[•Overdose in a child or adolescent•]
accidental trauma[•Superficial injuries•]
accommodative esotropia[•Infant with strabismus•]
achalasia[•Dysphagia•], [•Acute chest pain•]
Achilles tendonitis[•Deep vein thrombosis•]
achondroplasia[•Family with a genetic disorder•]
acne vulgaris[•Pimples and rash on the face•]
acoustic neuroma[•Dizziness and vertigo•], [•Hearing loss•]
acquired myopathies (Cushing's syndrome, hyperthyroidism, cancer, hypo/hypercalcaemia)[•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•]
acromegaly[•Painful hands in the cold•]
acromioclavicular joint problems[•Shoulder pain•]
actinic keratosis[•Skin tumours•]
acute angle closure glaucoma[•Pupil abnormality•]
acute appendicitis[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
acute asthma[•Food allergy in paediatrics•]
acute cholecystitis[•Late pregnancy complications•]
acute closed angle glaucoma[•Acute or chronic red eye•]
acute coronary syndrome (STEMI, NSTEMI and unstable angina)[•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Heart failure•], [•Postoperative complications•], [•Acute chest pain•]
acute cranial nerve III palsy with pupil involvement[•Pupil abnormality•]
acute eye trauma[•Acute trauma to the eye•]
acute hepatitis virus A-E[•Chronic liver disease•]
acute hydrocephalus[•Altered level of consciousness in an adult•]
acute infectious illness such as urinary tract infection[•Irritable infant•]
acute intermittent porphyria[•Major depressive episode•]
acute interstitial nephritis[•Acute kidney injury•]
acute kidney injury[•Heart failure•], [•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•]
acute liver disease of pregnancy[•Late pregnancy complications•]
acute lymphoblastic leukaemia[•Pancytopenia•]
acute mesenteric insufficiency[•Acute abdominal pain•]
acute myeloid leukaemia[•Pancytopenia•]
acute otitis media[•Glue ear•], [•Hearing loss•], [•Febrile infant•], [•Irritable infant•]
acute psychosis[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•]
acute respiratory distress syndrome[•Anxiety disorder•]
acute stress disorder[•Anxiety disorder•]
acute tubular necrosis[•Acute kidney injury•]
acute urinary retention[•Postoperative care•]
acute viral polyarthritis (hepatitis, parvovirus B19, rubella)[•Swollen and tender joints•]
addiction factitious disorder[•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•]
Addison's disease[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Adrenal crisis•], [•Type 1 diabetes mellitus•]
adenocarcinoma[•Abnormal cervical smear result•]
adenocarcinoma in situ[•Abnormal cervical smear result•]
adenomyosis[•Heavy menstrual periods•]
adenoviral conjunctivitis/herpes simplex virus[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
adhesions[•Bowel obstruction•]
adjustment disorder[•Major depressive episode•]
adjustment disorder with anxious features[•Anxiety disorder•]
adrenal insufficiency[•Hyponatraemia•], [•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•]
adrenoleukodystrophy[•Adrenal crisis•]
adult respiratory distress syndrome (non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema)[•Heart failure•]
advanced chronic open angle glaucoma[•Gradual deterioration in visual acuity over time•]
age-related macular degeneration[•Gradual deterioration in visual acuity over time•]
agoraphobia[•Anxiety disorder•]
airway management failure[•Preoperative assessment and management•]
airway trauma[•Preoperative assessment and management•]
alcohol[•Menopause•]
alcohol abuse/dependence[•Haemochromatosis•], [•Alcohol•], [•Accidental overdose•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Secondary hypertension•], [•Type 1 diabetes mellitus•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
alcohol and other hypnosedative abuse/dependence[•Major depressive episode•]
alcohol intoxication[•Dizziness and vertigo•]
alcohol withdrawal[•Delirium / dementia•], [•Epilepsy / seizure•]
alcohol-related psychosis[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Acute psychosis•]
alcohol/drug abuse[•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•]
alcoholic hallucinosis[•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
alcoholic liver disease[•Alcohol•], [•Chronic liver disease•]
allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis[•Chronic sputum production•]
allergic conjunctivitis[•Watery eye in an infant•]
allergic contact dermatitis[•Adult eczema•]
allergic reaction[•Child with red swelling around one eye•], [•Skin and soft tissue infection•], [•Child with generalised swelling•]
allergic rhinitis[•Epistaxis•], [•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•]
alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency[•Chronic shortness of breath•], [•Chronic liver disease•]
Alport syndrome[•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
altitude sickness[•Polycythaemia•]
Alzheimer's disease[•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Delirium / dementia•]
amiodarone induced thyroiditis[•Hyperthyroidism•]
amiodarone use,iodine deficiency[•Hypothyroidism•]
amoebic colitis or liver abscess[•Febrile returning traveller•]
amphetamine abuse[•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
amphetamine overdose[•Self-harm•]
amyloidosis[•Patient with jaundice•], [•Heart failure•], [•Adrenal crisis•], [•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•], [•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
anaemia[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•]
anaemia of chronic disease[•Infant or child with pallor•], [•Anaemia•]
anaemia of chronic renal disease[•Infant or child with pallor•]
anal fissure[•Perianal pathology•], [•Rectal bleeding•]
anal prolapse[•Perianal pathology•]
anal squamous cell carcinoma[•Perianal pathology•]
anal trauma[•Perianal pathology•]
analgesic nephropathy[•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
anaphylaxis[•Facial swelling and itchy rash•], [•Neonatal stridor•], [•Anxiety disorder•], [•Compromised airway•], [•Preoperative assessment and management•], [•Upper airway disease•], [•Child with generalised swelling•]
anaphylaxis/laryngeal oedema[•Sudden onset shortness of breath•]
anastomotic leak[•Postoperative complications•]
aneurysm[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•]
angina[•Stable angina•]
angiodysplasia[•Rectal bleeding•], [•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•]
angioedema[•Facial swelling and itchy rash•], [•Compromised airway•], [•Upper airway disease•], [•Child with generalised swelling•]
animal bites[•Superficial injuries•], [•Hand injury•]
ankylosing spondylitis[•Inflammatory low back pain•], [•Reactive arthritis•], [•Non-specific back pain•]
anorexia nervosa[•Amenorrhea•], [•Anxiety disorder•], [•Eating disorders•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•]
anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture[•Knee injury•]
anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (arteritic (giant cell arteritis) and non-arteritic)[•Sudden painless loss of vision•]
anterior shoulder dislocation / instability[•Dislocated joint•]
anterior uveitis (iritis)[•Acute or chronic red eye•]
anterior uveitis/posterior synechiae[•Pupil abnormality•]
anticoagulant use[•Epistaxis•]
anticoagulant-induced[•Rectal bleeding•]
antineutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA) vasculitis[•Acute kidney injury•]
antiphospholipid syndrome[•Deep vein thrombosis•]
antiplatelet medication use[•Epistaxis•]
antisocial personality disorder[•Personality disorder•]
antithrombin defiency[•Deep vein thrombosis•]
anxiety[•Menopause•]
anxiety disorder[•Chronic bowel motility problems•], [•Disruptive behaviour disorder•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
anxiety/depression[•Child or adolescent with a headache•], [•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
anxiety/hyperventilation[•Sudden onset shortness of breath•]
aortic aneurysm[•AAA screening•]
aortic arch dilatation[•Dysphagia•]
aortic dissection[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•], [•Acute chest pain•]
aortic regurgitation[•Valvular heart disease•]
aortic sclerosis[•Valvular heart disease•]
aortic stenosis[•Valvular heart disease•], [•Arrhythmias•], [•Stable angina•]
aplasia[•Congenital hearing loss•]
aplastic anaemia[•Anaemia•], [•Pancytopenia•]
apnoea of prematurity[•Late pregnancy complications•]
appendicitis[•Late pregnancy complications•]
arbovirus diseases[•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•]
Argyll Robertson pupil in syphilis[•Pupil abnormality•]
arsenic poisoning[•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•]
arterio-venous malformation[•Gross haematuria•]
asbestosis[•Worsening shortness of breath•]
ascites[•Adult with abdominal mass•]
Asherman syndrome[•Amenorrhea•], [•Infertility•]
aspiration and lung abcess[•Haemoptysis and abnormal chest X-ray•]
aspiration of foreign body[•Child with respiratory distress•]
aspiration pneumonia[•Preoperative assessment and management•], [•Pneumonia•]
aspirin overdose[•Self-harm•], [•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•]
assault[•Superficial injuries•]
asteototic eczema[•Rest home resident with itching and rash•]
asthma[•Child with respiratory distress•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•], [•Chronic shortness of breath•], [•Sudden onset shortness of breath•]
asystole[•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•]
atelectasis[•Postoperative care•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•]
atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis[•Secondary hypertension•]
atopic eczema (dermatitis)[•Itching child•], [•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
atrial fibrillation[•Arrhythmias•]
atrial myxoma[•Fever and a new murmur•]
atrial natiuretic peptide-secreting tumours[•Hyponatraemia•]
atrial septal defect: ostium primum[•Valvular heart disease•]
atrophic vaginitis[•Postmenopausal bleeding•]
attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD)[•Disruptive behaviour disorder•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•]
atypical antipsychotic overdose[•Self-harm•]
atypical glandular cells[•Abnormal cervical smear result•]
atypical squamous cells[•Abnormal cervical smear result•]
auricular haematoma[•Head trauma•]
autistic spectrum disorder[•Before school check•]
autoimmune adrenitis[•Adrenal crisis•]
autoimmune disease e.g. SLE[•Facial swelling and itchy rash•]
autoimmune hepatitis[•Chronic liver disease•]
autoimmune polyglandular syndrome types 1 and 2[•Adrenal crisis•]
autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease[•Secondary hypertension•], [•Gross haematuria•]
AV nodal re-entrant tachycardia[•Arrhythmias•]
AV reentrant tachycardia[•Arrhythmias•]
avascular necrosis[•Hip fracture•]
avoidant personality disorder[•Personality disorder•]
axillary artery / nerve injury[•Dislocated joint•]
azoospermia[•Infertility•]
bacterial conjunctivitis[•Watery eye in an infant•]
bacterial endocarditis (Staphylococcus aureus, Viridans streptococci, Enterococcus faecalis)[•Fever and a new murmur•]
bacterial infection[•Infant with jaundice•]
bacterial meningitis[•Fever and headache•], [•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•]
bacterial pneumonia[•Febrile infant•]
Baker's popliteal cyst[•Knee pain•]
Barrett's oesophagus[•Dysphagia•]
basal cell carcinoma[•Skin tumours•]
base of skull fracture[•Head trauma•]
behavioural problems (enuresis, tantrums, antisocial behaviours, shyness)[•Before school check•]
Behçet’s disease[•Reactive arthritis•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•]
Bell's palsy[•Dysphagia•], [•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
benign bone tumours[•Musculoskeletal lump•]
benign essential tremor[•Tremor and parkinsonism•]
benign intracranial hypertension[•Headache•], [•Child or adolescent with a headache•]
benign ovarian cysts[•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
benign paroxysmal positional vertigo[•Dizziness and vertigo•]
benign prostatic hypertrophy[•Elevation of prostate-specific antigen•], [•Acute kidney injury•]
benzodiazepine and other hypnosedative abuse/dependence[•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
benzodiazepine overdose[•Self-harm•]
beta-blocker overdose[•Self-harm•]
biliary atresia[•Infant with jaundice•]
biliary colic/gallstones[•Acute abdominal pain•]
bipolar affective disorder[•Self-harm•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
bladder cancer[•Dysuria•]
bladder distension[•Adult with abdominal mass•]
bladder transitional cell carcinoma[•Gross haematuria•]
bleeding[•Postoperative care•]
bleeding diathesis[•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•]
bleeding disorder[•Knee injury•]
blepharitis[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
blepharochalasis[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
blood group incompatibility (unconjugated)[•Infant with jaundice•]
blunt trauma[•Child with red swelling around one eye•], [•Superficial injuries•]
body dysmorphic disorder[•Eating disorders•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•]
boil/furuncle[•Skin and soft tissue infection•]
bone or other malignancy (e.g. leukaemia)[•Osteomyelitis•]
bony metastases[•Shoulder pain•]
borderline personality disorder[•Self-harm•], [•Eating disorders•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•]
botulism[•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•]
bowel obstruction[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Fetal health•], [•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
brachial neuritis[•Shoulder pain•]
brachial plexus injury[•Dislocated joint•]
brain abscess[•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•]
brain herniation from raised intracranial pressure[•Head trauma•]
brain tumour[•Child or adolescent with a headache•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
branchial cleft cyst[•Neck lump•]
Braxton-Hicks contractions[•Late pregnancy complications•]
breast abscess[•Breast lump and screening•]
breast cancer[•Contraception•], [•Clinical audit•]
breast cancer (invasive/metastatic adenocarcinoma, lobar carcinoma in-situ, ductal carcinoma in-situ)[•Breast lump and screening•]
breast milk jaundice[•Infant with jaundice•]
breath holding attacks[•Altered level of consciousness in a child•]
bronchiectasis[•Pneumonia•], [•Chronic shortness of breath•], [•Chronic sputum production•]
bronchiolitis obliterans[•Chronic shortness of breath•]
brucellosis[•Non-specific back pain•]
Brugada syndrome[•Arrhythmias•]
Buerger's disease[•Acutely painful limb•]
bulbar/pseudobulbar palsy[•Dysphagia•]
bulimia nervosa[•Eating disorders•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•]
bullous lung disease[•Chronic shortness of breath•]
bullous pemphigoid[•Rest home resident with itching and rash•], [•Blisters•]
burn[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
caesarean birth[•Labour•]
caffeine[•Menopause•]
calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate disease (CPPD) arthritis[•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•]
candidiasis[•Dysuria•]
cannabis abuse[•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
capillary haemangioma[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
carbuncle[•Skin and soft tissue infection•]
carcinoid syndrome[•Chronic bowel motility problems•], [•Menopause•]
carcinoma[•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•]
carcinoma in situ[•Skin tumours•]
carcinoma of the pancreas[•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•]
cardiac arrhythmias[•Postoperative care•], [•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Altered level of consciousness in a child•], [•Falls and collapses•], [•Epilepsy / seizure•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•], [•Postoperative complications•]
cardiac failure[•Acute kidney injury•], [•Chronic shortness of breath•]
cardiac murmurs[•6 week check•]
cardiac tamponade[•Penetrating chest trauma•], [•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•], [•Acute chest pain•], [•Sudden onset shortness of breath•]
cardiomyopathy (alcoholic, idiopathic, hypertensive, ischaemic)[•Heart failure•]
carotid artery aneurysm[•Neck lump•]
carotid artery dissection[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
carotid paraganglioma (chemodectoma)[•Neck lump•]
carpal tunnel syndrome[•Painful hands in the cold•]
Castleman’s Disease[•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•]
cat scratch disease[•Fever and adenopathy•]
cataracts[•6 week check•]
cauda equina syndrome[•Non-specific back pain•], [•Acutely painful limb•]
cauda-equina syndrome[•Urinary incontinence in women•]
cavernous sinus thrombosis[•Acute or chronic red eye•]
cellulitis[•Deep vein thrombosis•], [•Skin and soft tissue infection•]
cellulitis impetigo[•Itching child•]
central diabetes insipidus[•Diabetes insipidus•]
central nervous system neoplasia (primary and secondary)[•Major depressive episode•]
central or branch retinal artery occlusion[•Sudden painless loss of vision•]
central or branch retinal vein occlusion[•Sudden painless loss of vision•]
central sleep apnoea[•Daytime sleepiness•]
cerebellopontine angle tumour[•Dizziness and vertigo•], [•Hearing loss•]
cerebral contusion[•Head trauma•]
cerebral cyst[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•]
cerebral herniation syndromes[•Altered level of consciousness in an adult•]
cerebral oedema[•Altered level of consciousness in an adult•]
cerebral palsy[•Congenital hearing loss•], [•Labour•], [•Child with abnormal gait•]
cerebral tumour[•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Falls and collapses•], [•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Delirium / dementia•]
cerebrovascular accident[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Altered level of consciousness in a child•], [•Child with abnormal gait•]
cerebrovascular accident (stroke)[•Sudden painless loss of vision•]
cerumen accumulation[•Hearing loss•]
cervical cancer[•Postmenopausal bleeding•], [•Clinical audit•], [•Dysuria•], [•Gynaecological abdominal pain•], [•Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy•]
cervical cord compression[•Painful hands in the cold•]
cervical dysplasia / carcinoma[•Heavy menstrual periods•], [•Postmenopausal bleeding•]
cervical ectropian/erosion[•Heavy menstrual periods•]
cervical polyps[•Heavy menstrual periods•], [•Postmenopausal bleeding•], [•Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy•]
cervical spine fractures[•Neck injury•]
cervical spine sprains[•Neck injury•]
cervix (cervicitis, polyp)[•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
chemical burns (acid and alkali)[•Burns•]
chemotherapy toxicity[•Menopause•], [•Pancytopenia•]
chikungunya (in a recent traveller)[•Swollen and tender joints•]
child abuse[•Disruptive behaviour disorder•]
chlamydia[•Dysuria•]
cholangiocarcinoma[•Patient with jaundice•]
cholecystitis[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Patient with jaundice•]
cholesteatoma[•Glue ear•], [•Hearing loss•]
cholesterol emboli syndrome[•Acutely painful limb•]
chorioamnionitis[•Labour•]
choriocarcinoma[•Postpartum care•]
chorioretinal colobomas[•Infant with an altered light reflex•]
chromosomal or genetic syndrome (leading to obesity/dysmorphism)[•Osteomyelitis•]
chromosomal or genetic syndrome (Turner's syndrome)[•Child with abnormal puberty•]
chronic compartment syndrome[•Chronic limb pain•]
chronic disease (especially coeliac, inflammatory bowel disease)[•Child with abnormal puberty•]
chronic fatigue syndrome[•Major depressive episode•]
chronic hepatitis B and C[•Chronic liver disease•]
chronic illness (malabsorption, chronic infection)[•Failure to thrive•]
chronic inflammation[•Haemochromatosis•]
chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy[•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•]
chronic ischaemic gut[•Chronic bowel motility problems•]
chronic kidney disease[•Secondary hypertension•]
chronic lymphocytic leukaemia[•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•]
chronic mesenteric insufficiency[•Acute abdominal pain•]
chronic myeloid leukaemia[•Pancytopenia•]
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease[•Polycythaemia•], [•Heart failure•], [•Teaching•], [•Pneumonia•], [•Chronic shortness of breath•], [•Chronic sputum production•]
chronic pancreatitis[•Chronic bowel motility problems•], [•Diarrhoea•]
chronic renal failure[•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•]
chronic sinusitis[•Epistaxis•]
chronic subdural haematoma[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•], [•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•]
Churg-Strauss syndrome[•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•]
ciliary dyskinesia syndrome[•Chronic sputum production•]
clavicle fracture/nonunion[•Shoulder pain•]
cleft palate[•Congenital hearing loss•], [•6 week check•]
closed loop obstruction[•Bowel obstruction•]
cluster headache[•Headache•], [•Sudden onset severe headache•]
CMV[•Infant with jaundice•]
co-morbid mental health problems (e.g. depression)[•Chronic illness in paediatrics•]
CO2 narcosis[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•]
coagulopathies[•Heavy menstrual periods•], [•Postpartum care•], [•Gynaecological abdominal pain•], [•Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy•], [•Gross haematuria•]
coarctation of the aorta[•Secondary hypertension•], [•6 week check•]
Coats disease[•Infant with an altered light reflex•]
cocaine abuse/overdose[•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
cochlear Malformation[•Congenital hearing loss•]
coeliac disease[•Chronic bowel motility problems•], [•Anaemia•], [•Eating disorders•], [•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Failure to thrive•], [•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
colorectal cancer[•Chronic bowel motility problems•], [•Bowel obstruction•], [•Rectal bleeding•], [•Adult with abdominal mass•]
combined oral contraceptive pill use[•Secondary hypertension•]
common viral upper respiratory tract infection (viral sore throat)[•Sore throat management in the New Zealand context•]
common femoral artery aneurysm[•Groin lump•]
community acquired / nosocomial pneumonia[•Pneumonia•]
compartment syndrome[•Acutely painful limb•], [•Forearm / wrist injury•], [•Hand injury•]
compartment syndrome in crush injuries without fracture[•Forearm / wrist injury•]
compound fractures[•Forearm / wrist injury•]
concerns about vaccination[•6 week check•]
concha bullosa[•Epistaxis•]
concussion[•Head trauma•], [•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Neck injury•]
conduct disorder (CD)[•Disruptive behaviour disorder•]
congenital adrenal hyperplasia[•Amenorrhea•], [•Adrenal crisis•], [•Infertility•]
congenital adrenal hypoplasia[•Adrenal crisis•]
congenital anomaly (ectopic ureter)[•Child with disorder of elimination•]
congenital band adhesion and other causes of partial bowel obstruction[•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
congenital cardiovascular abnormality[•Child with respiratory distress•]
congenital cataract[•Infant with an altered light reflex•]
congenital choledochal cyst[•Infant with jaundice•]
congenital diaphragmatic hernia[•Fetal health•], [•Unwell neonate•]
congenital esotropia (non-accomodative, requiring surgical correction)[•Infant with strabismus•]
congenital fetal abnormality[•Labour•]
congenital glaucoma[•Watery eye in an infant•]
congenital hearing loss[•Glue ear•]
congenital heart disease[•Infant or child with a murmur•], [•Fetal health•], [•Fever and a new murmur•], [•Unwell neonate•], [•Failure to thrive•]
congenital infection particularly cytomegalovirus[•Congenital hearing loss•]
congenital laryngeal abnormalities (e.g. vocal cord palsy)[•Neonatal stridor•]
congenital lung abnormality[•Child with respiratory distress•]
congenital melanocytic naevi and other skin conditions[•6 week check•]
congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction[•Watery eye in an infant•]
congenital or acquired immunodeficiency[•Failure to thrive•]
conjunctivitis (bacterial, viral, allergic)[•Acute or chronic red eye•]
constipation[•Perianal pathology•], [•Abdominal or inguinal lump•], [•Child with disorder of elimination•], [•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Delirium / dementia•], [•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Late pregnancy complications•]
contact dermatitis[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
contact irritation (in relation to scabies treatment)[•Itching child•]
conversion disorder[•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•]
COPD[•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•]
cor pulmonale /pulmonary hypertension[•Daytime sleepiness•]
cord prolapse[•Labour•]
corkscrew oesophagus (oesphageal spasm)[•Dysphagia•]
corneal dystrophies[•Watery eye in an infant•]
corneal or sub-tarsal foreign body[•Watery eye in an infant•]
coronary artery vasospasm[•Stable angina•]
corpus luteum cyst[•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
costochondritis[•Acute chest pain•]
cranial nerve III palsy in herpes zoster ophthalmicus[•Pupil abnormality•]
craniopharyngioma[•Amenorrhea•], [•Panhypopituitarism•], [•Infertility•]
Crohn's disease[•Perianal pathology•], [•Eating disorders•], [•Child with sore joints•], [•Adult with abdominal mass•]
Crohn's strictures[•Bowel obstruction•]
croup[•Neonatal stridor•], [•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•]
cryptococcosis[•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•]
crystal arthropathy[•Knee pain•]
Curling's (severe stress/burns) ulcer[•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•]
Cushing's syndrome[•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Obesity•], [•Secondary hypertension•]
cutaneous lupus (subacute cutaneous lupus, discoid lupus)[•Pimples and rash on the face•]
cutaneous T cell lymphoma[•Adult eczema•]
cutaneous vasculitis +/- systemic involvement[•Blisters•]
cyanotic congenital heart disease[•Infant or child with a murmur•]
cyanotic heart disease[•Polycythaemia•]
cyclothymia[•Bipolar affective disorder•]
cystic fibrosis[•Infant with jaundice•], [•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Failure to thrive•], [•Chronic sputum production•], [•Family with a genetic disorder•]
cytomegalovirus[•Chronic liver disease•]
cytomegalovirus (CMV)[•Febrile returning traveller•]
dacryoadenitis[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
dacryocystitis[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
damaged teeth[•Preoperative assessment and management•]
de-gloving and crush injuries[•Hand injury•]
decreased mobility[•Urinary incontinence in women•]
deep neck space infection[•Neonatal stridor•], [•Compromised airway•], [•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•], [•Upper airway disease•]
deep skin or soft infection[•Fracture•]
deep vein thrombosis[•Postoperative care•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•], [•Preoperative assessment and management•], [•Acutely painful limb•], [•Deep vein thrombosis•]
degenerative disc disease[•Non-specific back pain•]
dehydration[•Postoperative complications•]
delayed maturation[•Child with disorder of elimination•]
delayed puberty (constitutional)[•Child with abnormal puberty•]
deliberate self-harm[•Superficial injuries•]
delirium[•Personality disorder•], [•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•]
delirium tremens[•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Postoperative complications•]
dementia[•Accidental overdose•], [•Major depressive episode•]
depression[•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•], [•Painful hands in the cold•], [•Anxiety disorder•], [•Self-harm•], [•Eating disorders•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•], [•Acute chest pain•]
depressive personality disorder[•Disruptive behaviour disorder•], [•Personality disorder•]
dermal burn (superficial, mid and deep)[•Burns•]
dermatitis[•Skin and soft tissue infection•]
dermatitis herpetiformis[•Blisters•]
dermatomyositis[•Painful hands in the cold•], [•Chronic limb pain•]
dermatomyositis/polymyositis[•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•]
dermoid cyst[•Neck lump•], [•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
developmental delay[•Before school check•]
developmental dysplasia of the hip[•Osteomyelitis•], [•6 week check•], [•Child with abnormal gait•]
deviated septum[•Epistaxis•]
diabetes insipidus[•Urinary incontinence in women•]
diabetes mellitus[•Urinary incontinence in women•], [•Diplopia•], [•Child with disorder of elimination•], [•Risk assessment in early pregnancy•], [•Obesity•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•], [•Preoperative assessment and management•], [•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•], [•Diabetes insipidus•]
diabetic ketoacidosis[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Altered level of consciousness in a child•], [•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•], [•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Postoperative complications•], [•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
diabetic retinopathy[•Annual eye screen for patient with diabetes•]
diabetic retinopathy (maculopathy)[•Gradual deterioration in visual acuity over time•]
Dieulafoy (vascular) lesion[•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•]
difficulty establishing feeding[•6 week check•]
diffuse alveolar haemorrhage[•Haemoptysis and abnormal chest X-ray•], [•Worsening shortness of breath•]
diffuse axonal injury[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Head trauma•], [•Penetrating chest trauma•]
diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (Forestier's disease)[•Inflammatory low back pain•]
diffuse lung disease associated with connective tissue diseases[•Worsening shortness of breath•]
diphtheria[•Compromised airway•]
direct cardiac trauma[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
disc prolapse[•Inflammatory low back pain•]
discitis[•Inflammatory low back pain•], [•Non-specific back pain•]
discoid eczema[•Rest home resident with itching and rash•]
disease of major organ system (e.g. chronic renal failure)[•Failure to thrive•]
dissociative disorder[•Personality disorder•]
distracting injuries[•Neck injury•]
diuretic toxicity[•Hyponatraemia•]
diverticular disease[•Rectal bleeding•]
diverticulitis[•Bowel obstruction•], [•Acute abdominal pain•]
domestic violence[•Superficial injuries•]
Down syndrome[•Fetal health•], [•Family with a genetic disorder•]
drug eruption[•Rest home resident with itching and rash•]
drug eruption (major)[•Blisters•]
drug eruption (mild)[•Blisters•]
drug hypersensitivity syndrome/drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS)[•Blisters•]
drug induced[•Chronic bowel motility problems•], [•Diabetes in pregnancy•], [•Falls and collapses•], [•Delirium / dementia•], [•Postpartum care•], [•Hearing loss•], [•Arrhythmias•]
drug induced oesophagitis[•Dysphagia•]
drug induced- accidental ingestion[•Altered level of consciousness in a child•]
drug seeking behaviour[•Anxiety disorder•]
drug-induced[•Acute kidney injury•]
drug-induced diffuse lung disease[•Worsening shortness of breath•]
drug-induced liver disease[•Patient with jaundice•]
drug-induced lupus erythematosus[•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•]
drug-induced parkinsonism[•Tremor and parkinsonism•]
drugs (beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, substance abuse)[•Major depressive episode•]
drugs (e.g. diuretics)[•Urinary incontinence in women•]
drugs (including non-prescription medications)[•Chronic liver disease•]
drugs (rifampicin)[•Gross haematuria•]
drugs (warfarin, aspirin)[•Heavy menstrual periods•]
Duane syndrome[•Infant with strabismus•]
Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy[•Family with a genetic disorder•]
duct ectasia[•Breast lump and screening•]
dysfibrinogenaemia[•Deep vein thrombosis•]
dysfunctional uterine bleeding[•Heavy menstrual periods•]
dyslipidaemia[•Obesity•]
dyspepsia[•Chronic bowel motility problems•]
dysthymic disorder[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
eating disorder[•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
eclampsia[•Risk assessment in early pregnancy•], [•Late pregnancy complications•]
ectopic ACTH from malignancy[•Obesity•]
ectopic pregnancy[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Contraception•], [•Heavy menstrual periods•], [•Pregnancy diagnosis•], [•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
eczema herpeticum[•Itching child•]
electrical burns[•Burns•]
electrolyte imbalance[•Acute psychosis•], [•Delirium / dementia•], [•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•], [•Postoperative complications•]
embolic disease from atrial fibrillation[•Acute abdominal pain•]
emotional trauma[•Arrhythmias•]
emotional/physical neglect or abuse[•Before school check•]
empty sella syndrome[•Amenorrhea•], [•Panhypopituitarism•], [•Infertility•]
empyema[•Haemoptysis and abnormal chest X-ray•]
encephalitis[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Sudden onset severe headache•], [•Fever and headache•], [•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Altered level of consciousness in a child•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Falls and collapses•], [•Epilepsy / seizure•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•], [•Febrile infant•]
encephalocoele[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
encephalopathy of any cause[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
endocervical / vaginal infection[•Heavy menstrual periods•]
endocrine causes of hyperglycaemia[•Diabetes in pregnancy•]
endometrial carcinoma[•Postmenopausal bleeding•]
endometrial hyperplasia[•Postmenopausal bleeding•]
endometrial hyperplasia / carcinoma[•Heavy menstrual periods•]
endometrial polyps[•Heavy menstrual periods•], [•Postmenopausal bleeding•]
endometriosis[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Dysuria•], [•Infertility•]
endometritis[•Postpartum care•]
enteropathic arthritis (associated with inflammatory bowel disease)[•Inflammatory low back pain•], [•Reactive arthritis•], [•Swollen and tender joints•]
enterovirus infection (Coxsackie virus and Echovirus)[•Reactive arthritis•]
eosinophilic gastroenteritis[•Chronic bowel motility problems•]
eosinophilic oesphagitis[•Dysphagia•]
ephelis[•Skin tumours•]
epidermal burn[•Burns•]
epidermoid cyst[•Musculoskeletal lump•]
epididymitis[•Acute severe testicular pain•]
epidural haematoma[•Postoperative care•]
epiglottitis[•Child with respiratory distress•], [•Sore throat management in the New Zealand context•]
epiglottitis/supraglottitis[•Neonatal stridor•], [•Compromised airway•], [•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•], [•Upper airway disease•]
epilepsy[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Chronic illness in paediatrics•], [•Arrhythmias•]
episcleritis[•Acute or chronic red eye•]
episiotomy[•Labour•]
epistaxis[•Epistaxis•]
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)[•Infant with jaundice•], [•Febrile returning traveller•], [•Chronic liver disease•]
erysipelas[•Child with red swelling around one eye•], [•Skin and soft tissue infection•]
erythema ab igne[•Blisters•]
erythema multiforme[•Facial swelling and itchy rash•], [•Blisters•]
erythrodermic eczema[•Itching child•]
erythrodermic psoriasis[•Rash on extensor surfaces and joint pains•]
essential hypertension[•Risk assessment in early pregnancy•], [•Obesity•], [•Secondary hypertension•], [•Late pregnancy complications•]
ethylene glycol poisoning[•Self-harm•], [•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•]
Ewing's sarcoma[•Musculoskeletal lump•]
exogenous adrenal suppression[•Adrenal crisis•]
external compression of bile duct[•Patient with jaundice•]
external compression of ureters[•Acute kidney injury•]
external hordeolum/stye[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
external tracheal compression (e.g. vascular ring)[•Neonatal stridor•]
extra-renal salt loss[•Hyponatraemia•]
extradural haemorrhage[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Head trauma•], [•Agitated and combative patient•]
extraocular muscle palsy associated with post-viral or posterior fossa compressive lesion[•Infant with strabismus•]
exudative (wet) age-related macular degeneration[•Sudden painless loss of vision•]
face/brow presentation[•Labour•]
facial nerve paresis[•Glue ear•]
facial trauma[•Upper airway disease•]
factor V Leiden[•Deep vein thrombosis•]
Fahr disease[•Bipolar affective disorder•]
fall[•Falls and collapses•], [•Superficial injuries•]
familial adenomatous polyposis[•Rectal bleeding•], [•Genetic testing information•], [•Family with a genetic disorder•]
familial breast cancer[•Genetic testing information•]
familial genetic abnormalities e.g. parental translocation or consanguinity[•Fetal health•]
familial ovarian cancer[•Genetic testing information•]
familial patterns of growth[•Failure to thrive•]
family dysfunction[•Child or adolescent with a headache•]
family violence[•Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy•]
fat necrosis[•Breast lump and screening•]
febrile convulsion[•Altered level of consciousness in a child•], [•Epilepsy / seizure•]
femoral hernia[•Groin lump•]
fetal growth restriction[•Fetal health•], [•Risk assessment in early pregnancy•]
fetal malposition (occipito-posterior)[•Labour•]
fibroadenoma[•Breast lump and screening•]
fibrocystic change[•Breast lump and screening•]
fibroids[•Heavy menstrual periods•], [•Adult with abdominal mass•]
fibromuscular dysplasia[•Secondary hypertension•]
fibromyalgia[•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•], [•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•], [•Painful hands in the cold•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•], [•Acute chest pain•]
finger dislocations[•Hand injury•]
fistula-in-ano[•Perianal pathology•]
flail chest[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
flow murmur[•Valvular heart disease•], [•Fever and a new murmur•]
focal epilepsy[•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
focal segmental glomerulosclerosis[•Acute kidney injury•]
focal seizures with loss of awareness (temporal lobe epilepsy, frontal lobe epilepsy, parietal lobe epilepsy and occipital lobe epilepsy)[•Epilepsy / seizure•]
focal seizures with retained awareness (focal motor seizures, focal sensory seizures, benign rolandic epilepsy)[•Epilepsy / seizure•]
food allergy[•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Compromised airway•]
food allergy (cows milk protein intolerance/allergy)[•Failure to thrive•]
Food anaphylaxis[•Food allergy in paediatrics•]
food intolerance[•Food allergy in paediatrics•]
food poisoning[•Diarrhoea•]
foreign body[•Epistaxis•], [•Compromised airway•], [•Dysphagia•]
foreign body in external auditory canal[•Hearing loss•]
foreign body in vagina[•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
Foreign body inhalation[•Food allergy in paediatrics•]
fracture[•Fracture•]
fractured neck of femur[•Hip fracture•]
fragile X syndrome[•Menopause•], [•Family with a genetic disorder•]
frailty[•Falls and collapses•]
fronto-temporal dementia[•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Delirium / dementia•]
frost-bite[•Burns•]
frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis)[•Shoulder pain•]
full thickness burn[•Burns•]
fulminant liver failure[•Needlestick injury•]
functional abdominal pain (recurrent idiopathic abdominal pain)[•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
gallstones[•Patient with jaundice•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•], [•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
Ganser syndrome[•Personality disorder•]
gas gangrene[•Forearm / wrist injury•]
gastric cancer[•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•], [•Adult with abdominal mass•], [•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
gastritis[•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•], [•Late pregnancy complications•], [•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
gastro-oesophageal reflux disease[•Epistaxis•], [•Late pregnancy complications•], [•Stable angina•], [•Acute chest pain•], [•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•], [•Daytime sleepiness•]
gastroenteritis[•Chronic bowel motility problems•], [•Infectious disease outbreak•], [•Febrile infant•]
gastrointestinal bleed[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•]
gastrointestinal lymphoma[•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
gastrointestinal upset secondary to antibiotics[•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
generalised anxiety disorder[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Acute chest pain•]
genetic haemochromatosis (Cys282Tyr)[•Haemochromatosis•]
genetic haemochromatosis (transferrin receptor mutation, ferroportin mutation)[•Haemochromatosis•]
genetic hearing loss[•Congenital hearing loss•]
genetic syndrome (Turner's syndrome)[•Failure to thrive•]
genital warts[•Dysuria•]
gestational diabetes mellitus[•Diabetes in pregnancy•], [•Risk assessment in early pregnancy•]
gestational hypertension[•Secondary hypertension•]
gestational impaired glucose tolerance[•Diabetes in pregnancy•]
giant cell arteritis[•Headache•], [•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•], [•Sudden loss of vision and headache•], [•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
glandular fever (EBV and CMV mononucleosis)[•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•], [•Fever and adenopathy•], [•Sore throat management in the New Zealand context•]
glioma[•Panhypopituitarism•]
glomerulonephritis[•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
glomerulonephritis (acute post-streptococcal GN)[•Child with generalised swelling•]
glue sniffing[•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•]
goitre[•Dysphagia•]
gonococcal arthritis (disseminated gonococcal infection)[•Reactive arthritis•], [•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•]
gonorrhoea[•Dysuria•]
Goodpasture's syndrome[•Acute kidney injury•]
GORD,benign oesophageal stricture[•Dysphagia•]
gout[•Reactive arthritis•], [•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•], [•Shoulder pain•], [•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegner’s granulomatosis)[•Epistaxis•]
granulomatous disease[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•]
Graves' disease[•Hyperthyroidism•]
great vessel injury[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
growth abnormalities[•Before school check•]
Guillain–Barré syndrome[•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•], [•Child with abnormal gait•]
gynaecologic problems[•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
haemangiomas and vascular malformations[•6 week check•]
haemarthrosis[•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•]
haematological malignancies (myelodysplastic syndrome, myelofibrosis, leukaemias, myeloma)[•Anaemia•]
haematological malignancy[•Epistaxis•]
haemochromatosis[•Patient with jaundice•], [•Panhypopituitarism•], [•Genetic testing information•], [•Family with a genetic disorder•], [•Chronic liver disease•]
haemoglobinopathies[•Anaemia•], [•Fetal health•]
haemolysis[•Gross haematuria•]
haemolytic anaemias (autoimmune disease, hereditary spherocytosis, G6PD deficiency)[•Anaemia•]
haemolytic anaemias (hereditary spherocytosis, G6PD deficiency, autoimmune disease)[•Infant or child with pallor•]
haemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)[•Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy•]
haemolytic-uraemic syndrome (HUS)/thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)[•Late pregnancy complications•], [•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
haemophilia[•Infant or child with easy bruising•]
haemopneumothorax[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
haemorrhage (subdural, extradural, subarachnoid, intracerebral, intraventricular)[•Altered level of consciousness in an adult•]
haemorrhagic cystitis[•Dysuria•]
haemorrhoids[•Perianal pathology•], [•Rectal bleeding•]
haemothorax[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
hair tourniquet[•Irritable infant•]
hairy cell leukaemia[•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•], [•Pancytopenia•]
Hashimoto's thyroiditis[•Hypothyroidism•]
head injury[•Altered level of consciousness in a child•]
head injury syndrome[•Altered level of consciousness in an adult•]
head trauma[•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
healthcare-associated infection (including surgical site infection, pneumonia, intravenous cannula infection, urinary tract infection)
healthcare-associated infection (including surgical site infection, pneumonia, peripheral and central intravenous cannula infection, urinary tract infection)[•Postoperative complications•]
heart block (first, second and third-degree)[•Arrhythmias•]
heart failure[•Deep vein thrombosis•]
heart failure ('flash' pulmonary odema, consider rheumatic heart disease as an underlying cause)[•Sudden onset shortness of breath•]
HELLP (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets)[•Risk assessment in early pregnancy•]
HELLP syndrome[•Late pregnancy complications•]
Henoch-Schonlein purpura[•Infant or child with easy bruising•], [•Child with sore joints•], [•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
hepatic congestion[•Chronic liver disease•]
hepatic encephalopathy[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Agitated and combative patient•]
hepatitis[•Haemochromatosis•], [•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
hepatitis (especially HepB)[•Infant with jaundice•]
hepatitis A[•Febrile returning traveller•]
hepatitis B[•Needlestick injury•], [•Febrile returning traveller•], [•Dysuria•]
hepatitis C[•Needlestick injury•], [•Febrile returning traveller•], [•Dysuria•]
hepatocellular carcinoma[•Polycythaemia•], [•Alcohol•], [•Patient with jaundice•], [•Chronic liver disease•]
hepatosplenomegaly[•Adult with abdominal mass•]
hepatotoxins including aspergillus flavum[•Chronic liver disease•]
hereditary angioedema (in cases of isolated angioedema)[•Facial swelling and itchy rash•]
hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia[•Epistaxis•]
hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer[•Rectal bleeding•], [•Genetic testing information•]
hereditary sideroblastic anaemia[•Haemochromatosis•]
herpes simplex virus[•Dysuria•]
herpes simplex virus encephalitis[•Fever and headache•]
herpes simplex virus meningitis[•Fever and headache•]
herpes zoster ophthalmicus[•Acute or chronic red eye•], [•Diplopia•]
hidradenitis suppurativa[•Skin and soft tissue infection•]
high altitude pulmonary oedema[•Heart failure•]
high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion[•Abnormal cervical smear result•]
high oxygen affinity haemoglobinopathy[•Polycythaemia•]
hip dislocation[•Hip fracture•]
Hirschprung disease[•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
Hirschsprung disease[•Child with disorder of elimination•]
histrionic personality disorder[•Personality disorder•]
HIV[•Neck lump•], [•Perianal pathology•], [•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•], [•Fetal health•], [•Abnormal cervical smear result•], [•Contraception•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Needlestick injury•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•], [•Dysuria•], [•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•], [•Pancytopenia•], [•Fever and adenopathy•]
Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas[•Neck lump•]
Holmes-Adie pupil[•Pupil abnormality•]
Horners syndrome[•Pupil abnormality•]
human bites[•Superficial injuries•]
human papilloma virus[•Perianal pathology•], [•Abnormal cervical smear result•]
Huntington's disease[•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Tremor and parkinsonism•], [•Family with a genetic disorder•]
hydrocephalus[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Head trauma•], [•Tremor and parkinsonism•]
hydrocoele[•Acute severe testicular pain•], [•Abdominal or inguinal lump•], [•Groin lump•]
hyper/hypothyroidism[•Amenorrhea•]
hyperbilirubinaemia[•Congenital hearing loss•]
hypercalcaemia[•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Anxiety disorder•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
hypercalcaemia secondary to medication (thiazide and lithium toxicity)[•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•]
hyperemesis gravidarum[•Pregnancy diagnosis•]
hyperglycaemia[•Hyponatraemia•]
hyperkalaemia[•Postoperative care•]
hyperosmolar non-ketotic syndrome[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•]
hyperparathyroidism[•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•]
hypersensitivity pneumonitis (extrinsic allergic alveolitis)[•Worsening shortness of breath•]
hypersplenism[•Pancytopenia•]
hypertensive cardiomyopathy[•Stable angina•]
hypertensive encephalopathy[•Arrhythmias•]
hypertensive nephrosclerosis[•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
hypertensive retinopathy[•Annual eye screen for patient with diabetes•]
hyperthyroidism[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Eating disorders•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•], [•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•]
hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy[•Valvular heart disease•], [•Arrhythmias•], [•Stable angina•]
hyperventilation syndrome[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Acute chest pain•]
hypo /hyperthyroidism[•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•]
hypo/hypernatraemia[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Agitated and combative patient•]
hypocalcaemia[•Agitated and combative patient•]
hypochondriasis[•Personality disorder•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•]
hypochromic microcytic anaemia (iron deficiency; thalassemia)[•Infant or child with pallor•]
hypoglycaemia[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Altered level of consciousness in a child•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Falls and collapses•], [•Unwell neonate•], [•Arrhythmias•], [•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
hypokalaemia[•Diabetes insipidus•]
hyponatraemia[•Postoperative care•]
hypoparathyroidism[•Delirium / dementia•]
hypopituitarism[•Type 1 diabetes mellitus•], [•Osteomyelitis•]
hypospadias[•6 week check•]
hypotension (any cause)[•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•]
hypothalamic amenorrhoea[•Amenorrhea•], [•Infertility•]
Hypothalamic/pituitary tumour[•Child with abnormal puberty•]
hypothermia[•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•]
hypothyroidism[•Infant with jaundice•], [•Anaemia•], [•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Delirium / dementia•], [•Hyponatraemia•], [•Osteomyelitis•], [•Failure to thrive•], [•Child with abnormal puberty•]
hypovolaemia[•Acute kidney injury•]
hypoxia[•Agitated and combative patient•]
hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy[•Labour•]
ichthyosis or other genodermatosis[•Itching child•]
idiopathic[•Epilepsy / seizure•]
idiopathic intracranial hypertension[•Sudden onset severe headache•]
idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis)[•Worsening shortness of breath•]
idiopathic urticarial[•Facial swelling and itchy rash•]
IgA nephropathy[•Gross haematuria•], [•Acute kidney injury•]
ileus[•Postoperative care•], [•Bowel obstruction•]
illegal abortion[•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
immobilisation[•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•]
immune thrombocytopenia[•Epistaxis•]
immune thrombocytopenia (ITP)[•Infant or child with easy bruising•]
immunisation delay[•Clinical audit•], [•Before school check•]
immunodeficiency[•Itching child•], [•Abnormal cervical smear result•]
immunodeficiency (inherited)[•Family with a genetic disorder•]
immunoglobulin deficiency[•Chronic sputum production•]
impaired glucose tolerance[•Obesity•]
imperforate hymen[•Child with abnormal puberty•]
impetigo[•Skin and soft tissue infection•]
implantation bleed[•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
inadequate analgesia[•Postoperative care•]
inadequate caloric intake (feeding problems)[•Failure to thrive•]
incarcerated hernia[•Irritable infant•]
inclusion body myositis[•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•], [•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•]
increased iodine intake[•Hyperthyroidism•]
induced labour[•Labour•]
infection[•Haemochromatosis•], [•Acute psychosis•]
infection (urinary tract infection, giardiasis)[•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
infection (urinary, respiratory)[•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
infection of joint prostheses[•Knee pain•]
infection-induced urticaria/angioedema[•Facial swelling and itchy rash•]
infectious diarrhoea including rotavirus[•Diarrhoea•]
infectious gastroenteritis (e.g. rotavirus)[•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
infectious gastronenteritis[•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
infectious mononucleosis[•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•], [•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•]
infective endocarditis[•Valvular heart disease•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
inflammatory bowel disease[•Chronic bowel motility problems•], [•Rectal bleeding•], [•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Diarrhoea•]
inflammatory breast cancer[•Breast lump and screening•]
inflammatory bronchiolitis[•Chronic shortness of breath•]
influenza[•Febrile infant•], [•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•]
inguinal hernia[•Acute severe testicular pain•], [•Abdominal or inguinal lump•]
inguinal hernia (direct or indirect)[•Groin lump•]
inguinal lymph nodes[•Abdominal or inguinal lump•]
inhalation injury[•Upper airway disease•]
inhaled foreign body[•Neonatal stridor•], [•Upper airway disease•]
inherited metabolic disorders[•Unwell neonate•], [•6 week check•]
innocent murmur[•Infant or child with a murmur•]
insect bites[•Facial swelling and itchy rash•]
insomnia[•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•], [•Daytime sleepiness•]
intellectual disability[•Disruptive behaviour disorder•]
intentional overdose in older child or adolescent[•Overdose in a child or adolescent•]
intercurrent infection (upper respiratory tract infection, lower respiratory tract infection, urinary tract infection)[•Chronic illness in paediatrics•]
intercurrent infections[•Child or adolescent with a headache•]
internal hordeolum/chalazion[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
interstitial nephritis[•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
intertrigo[•Rest home resident with itching and rash•]
intestinal lymphangiectasia[•Child with generalised swelling•]
intestinal obstruction[•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
intestinal pathogens[•Febrile returning traveller•]
intoxications[•Agitated and combative patient•]
intra-abdominal sepsis[•Bowel obstruction•]
intracerebral haemorrhage[•Head trauma•]
intracranial aneurysm[•Diplopia•]
intracranial bleeding[•Child or adolescent with a headache•]
intracranial haemorrhage[•Penetrating chest trauma•], [•Neck injury•], [•Epilepsy / seizure•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
intracranial neoplasia[•Sudden onset severe headache•]
intracranial space-occupying lesion[•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
intracranial trauma (cranial nerve IV particularly)[•Diplopia•]
intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin[•Reactive arthritis•]
intussusception[•Bowel obstruction•], [•Abdominal or inguinal lump•], [•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Irritable infant•], [•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
iron deficiency[•Anaemia•]
irritable bowel syndrome[•Chronic bowel motility problems•], [•Anxiety disorder•], [•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
irritant contact dermatitis[•Adult eczema•]
ischaemic bowel[•Rectal bleeding•], [•Postoperative complications•]
ischaemic heart disease[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Clinical audit•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•]
jetlag and other disorders of chronobiology[•Daytime sleepiness•]
juvenile chronic arthritis[•Child with sore joints•]
juvenile haemochromatosis[•Haemochromatosis•]
juvenile myoclonic epilepsy[•Epilepsy / seizure•]
juvenile rheumatoid arthritis[•Osteomyelitis•]
Kallman's syndrome[•Amenorrhea•], [•Infertility•]
Kaposi sarcoma[•Fever and adenopathy•]
Kawasaki disease[•Febrile infant•]
keratitis[•Acute or chronic red eye•]
ketoconazole use[•Adrenal crisis•]
knee dislocation[•Knee injury•]
knee ligament sprains[•Knee injury•]
labyrinthitis[•Dizziness and vertigo•]
lactic acidosis[•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•]
laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma[•Compromised airway•], [•Upper airway disease•]
laryngeal web[•Neonatal stridor•]
laryngitis[•Upper airway disease•]
laryngomalacia[•Neonatal stridor•]
late-onset muscular dystrophies[•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•]
lead poisoning[•Infant or child with pallor•], [•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•], [•Disruptive behaviour disorder•]
leaking abdominal aortic aneurysm[•Non-specific back pain•]
left ventricular failure[•Daytime sleepiness•]
leptospirosis[•Febrile returning traveller•]
leukaemia and other malignancies[•Infant or child with pallor•], [•Infant or child with easy bruising•]
leukocoria (must have red reflex to exclude retinoblastoma)[•Infant with strabismus•]
Lewy body dementia[•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Delirium / dementia•]
lichen simplex chronicus[•Adult eczema•], [•Rash on extensor surfaces and joint pains•]
lifestyle factors (e.g. caffeine intake)[•Urinary incontinence in women•]
lipoma[•Neck lump•], [•Musculoskeletal lump•], [•Groin lump•], [•Breast lump and screening•]
liquorice use[•Secondary hypertension•]
lithium use[•Hypothyroidism•]
liver abscess[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Patient with jaundice•]
liver disease[•Haemochromatosis•]
liver metastases[•Patient with jaundice•]
localised scleroderma (morphoea)[•Painful hands in the cold•]
lochia[•Postpartum care•]
low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion[•Abnormal cervical smear result•]
lower respiratory tract infection (including pneumonia and bronchiolitis)[•Child with respiratory distress•]
Ludwig's angina[•Compromised airway•]
lumbar disc prolapse[•Non-specific back pain•]
lumbar spinal stenosis[•Chronic limb pain•]
lunate dislocation[•Hand injury•]
lung abscess[•Pneumonia•]
lung cancer[•Haemoptysis and abnormal chest X-ray•], [•Pneumonia•]
Lyme disease[•Eating disorders•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
lymphadenitis[•Neck lump•]
lymphadenopathy (malignant)[•Musculoskeletal lump•]
lymphadenopathy (reactive)[•Neck lump•], [•Musculoskeletal lump•], [•Groin lump•]
lymphocele[•Groin lump•]
lymphocytic hypophysitis[•Panhypopituitarism•]
lymphoedema[•Deep vein thrombosis•]
lymphoma[•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•], [•Abdominal or inguinal lump•], [•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Groin lump•], [•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•], [•Fever and adenopathy•], [•Adult with abdominal mass•]
major depressive disorder[•Major depressive episode•]
malabsorption[•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Diarrhoea•]
malaria[•Febrile returning traveller•]
malignancy[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Child with sore joints•], [•Fracture•], [•Child with abnormal gait•]
malignant hyperpyrexia[•Preoperative assessment and management•]
malignant hypertension[•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
malignant otitis externa[•Glue ear•]
malingering[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•]
Mallory-Weiss tear[•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•]
malnutrition[•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•]
malrotation[•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
Marfan syndrome[•Family with a genetic disorder•]
massive haemorrhage[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•]
massive rhabomyolysis[•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•]
massive/submassive pulmonary embolism[•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•]
mastitis[•Breast lump and screening•]
mastocytosis[•Menopause•]
mastoiditis[•Glue ear•]
maternal depression/stress[•6 week check•]
maternal sepsis[•Diabetes in pregnancy•], [•Labour•], [•Late pregnancy complications•]
MDMA (ecstasy) abuse[•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
measles[•Hearing loss•], [•Febrile infant•]
meconium aspiration syndrome[•Labour•]
meconium exposure[•Labour•]
medically unexplained physical symptoms (somatoform disorder)[•Eating disorders•]
medication (warfarin, hormone therapy, tamoxifen)[•Postmenopausal bleeding•]
medication-related somnolence[•Daytime sleepiness•]
medications[•Menopause•], [•Infertility•]
medullary sponge kidney[•Diabetes insipidus•]
medulloblastomas[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•]
melanoma[•Skin tumours•], [•Groin lump•]
membranous nephropathy[•Acute kidney injury•]
Ménière's disease[•Dizziness and vertigo•], [•Hearing loss•]
meningioma[•Panhypopituitarism•], [•Hearing loss•]
meningitis[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Sudden onset severe headache•], [•Congenital hearing loss•], [•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Altered level of consciousness in a child•], [•Child or adolescent with a headache•], [•Falls and collapses•], [•Unwell neonate•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•], [•Hearing loss•], [•Febrile infant•], [•Irritable infant•], [•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
meningococcaemia[•Infant or child with easy bruising•], [•Febrile infant•]
meniscal tear[•Knee pain•], [•Knee injury•]
mental health (stress, depression or anxiety)[•Non-specific back pain•]
Merkel cell carcinoma[•Skin tumours•]
mesenteric adenitis[•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
mesenteric ischaemia[•Rectal bleeding•]
metabolic (e.g. hypercalaemia)[•Urinary incontinence in women•]
metabolic disorders[•Infant with jaundice•], [•Infant or child with a murmur•], [•Altered level of consciousness in a child•]
metabolic syndrome[•Haemochromatosis•], [•Diabetes in pregnancy•], [•Risk assessment in early pregnancy•], [•Obesity•]
metacarpal fracture[•Hand injury•]
metastases[•Adrenal crisis•], [•Panhypopituitarism•], [•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•]
metastatic bone disease[•Musculoskeletal lump•]
metastatic cancer[•Neck lump•], [•Groin lump•]
metastatic cancer from non-gynaecological primary[•Postmenopausal bleeding•]
metastatic cancer with bone marrow infiltration[•Anaemia•]
methaemoglobinaemia[•Polycythaemia•]
methamphetamine overdose[•Self-harm•]
methanol or formaldehyde poisoning[•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•]
methanol poisoning[•Self-harm•]
mid-dilated pupil in acute angle closure glaucoma[•Pupil abnormality•]
migraine[•Headache•], [•Sudden onset severe headache•], [•Dizziness and vertigo•], [•Child or adolescent with a headache•], [•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
minimal change disease[•Acute kidney injury•]
miscarriage (threatened, recurrent, spontaneous, complete or incomplete)[•Heavy menstrual periods•], [•Pregnancy diagnosis•], [•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
mitral regurgitation[•Valvular heart disease•]
mitral stenosis[•Valvular heart disease•], [•Arrhythmias•]
mitral valve prolapse[•Valvular heart disease•]
mixed connective tissue disease[•Painful hands in the cold•]
molar pregnancy[•Pregnancy diagnosis•], [•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
Mongolian blue spots[•6 week check•]
monogenic diabetes mellitus[•Type 2 diabetes mellitus•]
motion sickness[•Dizziness and vertigo•]
motor neuron disease[•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•]
multifocal atrial tachycardia[•Arrhythmias•]
multinodular goitre[•Neck lump•]
multiple cerebral infarct[•Tremor and parkinsonism•]
multiple myeloma[•Knee pain•], [•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•]
multiple pregnancy[•Pregnancy diagnosis•]
multiple sclerosis[•Urinary incontinence in women•], [•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•], [•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•], [•Dizziness and vertigo•], [•Self-harm•], [•Eating disorders•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Delirium / dementia•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•], [•Hearing loss•], [•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
multiple squamous cell carcinoma in situ[•Rash on extensor surfaces and joint pains•]
multiple superficial spreading basal cell cancers[•Rash on extensor surfaces and joint pains•]
multiple system atrophy[•Tremor and parkinsonism•]
mumps[•Hearing loss•]
Munchausen syndrome[•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•]
Munchausen syndrome by proxy[•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•]
muscle cramps[•Chronic limb pain•]
muscle injury[•Chronic limb pain•]
muscular dystrophies[•Dysphagia•], [•Child with abnormal gait•]
myasthenia gravis[•Diplopia•], [•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•]
mycobacterial infection[•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•]
myelodysplastic syndrome[•Pancytopenia•]
myelofibrosis[•Pancytopenia•]
myeloma[•Pancytopenia•], [•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•], [•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
myocardial infarction[•Postoperative care•], [•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•]
myocarditis[•Heart failure•], [•Fever and a new murmur•], [•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•]
myositis[•Osteomyelitis•]
myositis associated with neoplasia[•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•]
myositis ossificans[•Knee injury•], [•Musculoskeletal lump•]
myxoedema coma[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•]
naevus[•Skin tumours•]
narcissistic personality disorder[•Personality disorder•]
narcolepsy[•Daytime sleepiness•]
nasal polyp[•Epistaxis•]
nasopharyngeal carcinoma[•Epistaxis•]
necrotising fasciitis[•Osteomyelitis•]
necrotising otitis externa[•Hearing loss•]
necrotizing fasciitis[•Acutely painful limb•], [•Deep vein thrombosis•], [•Skin and soft tissue infection•]
neonatal death[•Labour•]
neonatal sepsis[•Unwell neonate•]
nephroblastoma (Wilms tumour)[•Abdominal or inguinal lump•]
nephrocalcinosis[•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
nephrogenic diabetes insipidus[•Diabetes insipidus•]
nephrolithiasis[•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
nephrotic syndrome[•Heart failure•], [•Child with generalised swelling•]
nerve/vascular laceration[•Hand injury•]
neuorofibroma[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
neural tube defects[•Fetal health•]
neuroblastoma[•Abdominal or inguinal lump•]
neurofibromatosis[•Family with a genetic disorder•]
neurogenic bladder[•Child with disorder of elimination•]
neurogenic pulmonary oedema[•Heart failure•]
neurologic event[•Fracture•]
neurological disorders (multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis)[•Dysphagia•]
neuroma[•Groin lump•]
neuromuscular disorders[•Daytime sleepiness•]
neuropathic and regional pain syndromes[•Chronic illness in paediatrics•]
neurosarcoidosis[•Panhypopituitarism•]
neurovascular injury to extremities[•Forearm / wrist injury•]
noise-induced hearing loss[•Hearing loss•]
non accidental injury (traumatic perforation or organ laceration)[•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
non accidental injury/head trauma[•Altered level of consciousness in a child•]
non-accidental injury[•Infant or child with easy bruising•], [•Child with sore joints•], [•Superficial injuries•], [•Fracture•], [•Irritable infant•], [•Child with abnormal gait•]
non-accidental injury and neglect[•Chronic illness in paediatrics•]
non-alcoholic fatty liver disease[•Haemochromatosis•], [•Obesity•], [•Chronic liver disease•]
non-bacterial endocarditis[•Fever and a new murmur•]
non-specific low back pain[•Non-specific back pain•]
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use[•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
normal baby[•Fetal health•]
normal birth[•Labour•]
normal birth transition[•Labour•]
normal breast tissue[•Breast lump and screening•]
normal infant crying ('reflux')[•6 week check•]
normal infant/ infantile colic/reflux[•Irritable infant•]
normal labour[•Labour•]
normal menopause and perimenopause[•Menopause•]
normal pressure hydrocephalus[•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Hip fracture•]
normal/abnormal newborn behaviour[•6 week check•]
norovirus[•Diarrhoea•]
nutritional/exogenous obesity[•Osteomyelitis•]
obesity[•Childhood obesity•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•], [•Type 2 diabetes mellitus•]
obesity hypoventilation syndrome[•Polycythaemia•], [•Daytime sleepiness•]
obesity leading to secondary problems with mobility/pressure areas[•Chronic illness in paediatrics•]
obsessive-compulsive personality disorder[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Eating disorders•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•]
obstructive sleep apnoea[•Headache•], [•Polycythaemia•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Obesity•], [•Secondary hypertension•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•], [•Daytime sleepiness•]
obturator hernia[•Groin lump•]
occult bacterial infection[•Febrile returning traveller•]
occupational lung disease[•Worsening shortness of breath•]
ocular cicatricial pemphigoid[•Acute or chronic red eye•]
oedematous states (cirrhosis, heart failure, nephrotic syndrome)[•Hyponatraemia•]
oesophageal candidiasis[•Dysphagia•]
oesophageal carcinoma[•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•], [•Dysphagia•]
oesophageal rupture[•Acute chest pain•]
oesophageal ulcer[•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•]
oesophageal varices[•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•]
oesophageal web[•Dysphagia•]
oesophagitis[•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•]
oligoazoospermia[•Infertility•]
open fractures[•Hand injury•]
operative birth (ventouse, forceps)[•Labour•]
opioid abuse[•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
opioid overdose[•Self-harm•]
opioid toxicity[•Delirium / dementia•]
oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)[•Disruptive behaviour disorder•]
optic neuritis[•Sudden painless loss of vision•]
orbital cellulitis[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
orbital trauma/blow-out fracture[•Diplopia•]
orchitis (especially mumps)[•Acute severe testicular pain•]
organ failure (liver, renal, Reyes syndrome)[•Altered level of consciousness in a child•]
organophosphate poisoning[•Self-harm•]
oropharyngeal abnormalities[•Daytime sleepiness•]
orthopaedic deformity[•Child with abnormal gait•]
orthostatic hypotension[•Arrhythmias•]
Osgood-Schlatter disease[•Osteomyelitis•]
osteoarthritis[•Knee pain•], [•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•], [•Menopause•], [•Chronic limb pain•], [•Acutely painful limb•], [•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•], [•Swollen and tender joints•], [•Shoulder pain•]
osteochondral fracture[•Knee injury•]
osteogenesis imperfecta[•Fracture•]
osteolytic metastases (particularly breast and lung cancer)[•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•]
osteomalacia[•Hip fracture•]
osteomyelitis[•Child with sore joints•], [•Fracture•], [•Osteomyelitis•], [•Febrile infant•], [•Child with abnormal gait•]
osteopenia[•Menopause•]
osteoporosis[•Menopause•]
osteoporotic fracture[•Hip fracture•]
osteosarcoma[•Musculoskeletal lump•]
ostium secundum and sinus venosus[•Valvular heart disease•]
other causes of fever including malignancy and connective tissue disease[•Febrile returning traveller•]
other causes of hypoalbuminaemia[•Child with generalised swelling•]
other causes of postoperative fever (including atelectasis, pulmonary embolus, drug reaction)[•Postoperative complications•]
other hand/wrist fractures including scaphoid and Bennett's fracture[•Hand injury•]
other infection leading to septic collapse and/or seizure[•Altered level of consciousness in a child•]
other inherited coagulation and platelet abnormalities[•Infant or child with easy bruising•]
other multi-trauma injuries[•Neck injury•]
other serious infection[•Irritable infant•]
other tumours e.g. choroidal haemangioma[•Infant with an altered light reflex•]
otitis externa[•Glue ear•], [•Hearing loss•]
otitis media with effusion[•Congenital hearing loss•], [•Glue ear•]
otosclerosis[•Hearing loss•]
ototoxic drugs (including herbal remedies)[•Congenital hearing loss•], [•Dizziness and vertigo•]
outbreak diarrhoea from community water or food contamination[•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
ovarian carcinoma[•Heavy menstrual periods•], [•Postmenopausal bleeding•], [•Adult with abdominal mass•], [•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
ovarian cyst[•Adult with abdominal mass•]
ovarian cyst accident (torsion, rupture, haemorrhage)[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
overdose[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•]
overdose (paracetamol; aspirin; beta-blockers; calcium channel blockers; digoxin; warfarin; opioids; tricyclic antidepressants)[•Accidental overdose•]
Paget's disease[•Hearing loss•], [•Hip fracture•]
pain disorder[•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•]
pain from contractures or undiagnosed fractures and other orthopaedic causes (e.g. back pain from scoliosis, hip subluxation)[•Chronic illness in paediatrics•]
palindromic rheumatism[•Swollen and tender joints•]
pancreatic adenocarcinoma[•Patient with jaundice•]
pancreatic insufficiency[•Chronic bowel motility problems•]
pancreatic insufficiency (cystic fibrosis)[•Eating disorders•]
pancreatitis[•Non-specific back pain•], [•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Heart failure•], [•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•], [•Late pregnancy complications•], [•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
panhypopituitarism[•Amenorrhea•], [•Panhypopituitarism•], [•Infertility•]
panic attack[•Acute chest pain•]
panic disorder[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
papilloma[•Breast lump and screening•]
paracetamol overdose[•Self-harm•]
paraldehyde[•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•]
paraneoplastic disease[•Swollen and tender joints•]
paraneoplastic syndrome[•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•]
paranoid personality disorder[•Personality disorder•]
parapneumonic effusion/empyema[•Pneumonia•]
paratonsillar abscess[•Upper airway disease•]
Parental extreme anxiety around allergy[•Food allergy in paediatrics•]
parenteral nutrition[•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•]
Parkinson's disease[•Falls and collapses•], [•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Delirium / dementia•], [•Tremor and parkinsonism•], [•Dysphagia•], [•Hip fracture•]
Parkinson's Plus syndromes[•Delirium / dementia•]
parvovirus[•Infant with jaundice•]
parvovirus B19[•Pancytopenia•]
passive-aggressive (negativistic) personality disorder[•Personality disorder•]
patella dislocation[•Knee injury•]
patella fracture[•Knee injury•]
patent ductus arteriosus[•Valvular heart disease•]
pathologic fracture[•Knee injury•]
pathological fracture[•Knee pain•]
pathological fracture secondary to bone malignancy or metastatic disease[•Hip fracture•]
PCOS[•Obesity•]
peau d'orange[•Breast lump and screening•]
pelvic abnormalities (obstructed labour)[•Labour•]
pelvic inflammatory disease[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Heavy menstrual periods•], [•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
pelvoureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction[•Abdominal or inguinal lump•]
pemphigus vulgaris[•Blisters•]
penetrating injury[•Superficial injuries•]
peptic ulcer disease[•Bowel obstruction•], [•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•], [•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
perforated viscus[•Bowel obstruction•], [•Flank pain and dysuria•]
perforation[•Postoperative complications•]
perianal abscess[•Perianal pathology•]
pericarditis[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Fever and a new murmur•], [•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•], [•Acute chest pain•]
perimenopause[•Heavy menstrual periods•]
perineal trauma[•Labour•]
perineal trauma (post catheter insertion, post-procedure including rectal examination, sexual activity)[•Elevation of prostate-specific antigen•]
peripheral neuropathy[•Chronic limb pain•]
peripheral vascular disease[•Chronic limb pain•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•], [•Deep vein thrombosis•]
peripheral vascular trauma[•Acutely painful limb•]
peritonitis[•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Postoperative complications•]
peritonsillar abscess/quinsy[•Compromised airway•], [•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•], [•Sore throat management in the New Zealand context•]
pernicious anaemia[•Anaemia•], [•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous[•Infant with an altered light reflex•]
persistent pulmonary hypertension[•Infant or child with a murmur•]
personality disorder[•Anxiety disorder•]
Perthes disease[•Osteomyelitis•]
pervasive developmental disorder[•Disruptive behaviour disorder•]
phaeochromocytoma[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Secondary hypertension•], [•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
pharyngeal pouch[•Neck lump•], [•Dysphagia•]
pharyngitis[•Fever and headache•], [•Dysphagia•], [•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•]
phenylketonuria[•Family with a genetic disorder•]
pheochromocytoma[•Menopause•]
physiological and active third stage[•Labour•]
physiological anisocoria (physiological difference in pupil size)[•Pupil abnormality•]
pilonidal sinus[•Perianal pathology•]
pituitary adenoma[•Panhypopituitarism•]
pituitary apoplexy[•Panhypopituitarism•]
placenta praevia[•Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy•]
placental abruption[•Late pregnancy complications•], [•Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy•]
platelet defects[•Heavy menstrual periods•]
pleuritis[•Acute chest pain•]
pneumonia[•Postoperative care•], [•Heart failure•], [•Unwell neonate•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•], [•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•]
pneumonia (lower lobe)[•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
pneumothorax[•Heart failure•], [•Unwell neonate•], [•Acute chest pain•], [•Chronic shortness of breath•]
POEMS syndrome[•Painful hands in the cold•]
polyarteritis nodosa[•Epilepsy / seizure•]
polyarticular gout[•Swollen and tender joints•]
polycystic ovarian syndrome[•Amenorrhea•], [•Diabetes in pregnancy•], [•Pimples and rash on the face•], [•Pregnancy diagnosis•], [•Infertility•]
polycythaemia vera[•Headache•], [•Polycythaemia•], [•Deep vein thrombosis•]
polymorphic ventricular tachycardia[•Arrhythmias•]
polymyalgia rheumatica[•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•], [•Sudden loss of vision and headache•], [•Painful hands in the cold•], [•Swollen and tender joints•]
polymyositis[•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•], [•Painful hands in the cold•], [•Chronic limb pain•]
poor progress in labour[•Labour•]
popliteal aneurysm[•Acutely painful limb•]
popliteal artery injury[•Knee injury•]
porphyria[•Haemochromatosis•], [•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•], [•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•], [•Gross haematuria•]
post-coital headache[•Sudden onset severe headache•]
post-concussion syndrome[•Head trauma•]
post-electrocution dislocation[•Dislocated joint•]
post-general anaesthetic confusion[•Delirium / dementia•]
post-ictal dislocation[•Dislocated joint•]
post-neurosurgery[•Panhypopituitarism•]
post-operative deep vein thrombosis (DVT)[•Knee pain•]
post-radioactive iodine hypothyroidism[•Hypothyroidism•]
post-radiotherapy[•Panhypopituitarism•]
post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis[•Gross haematuria•]
post-traumatic brain injury[•Panhypopituitarism•]
post-traumatic stress disorder[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•]
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)[•Bipolar affective disorder•]
posterior cruciate injury[•Knee injury•]
posterior shoulder instability / dislocation[•Dislocated joint•]
posterior sternoclavicular joint dislocation[•Shoulder pain•]
postnatal depression[•Postpartum care•]
postnatal depression/anxiety[•Irritable infant•]
postoperative ileus[•Postoperative complications•]
postoperative nausea and vomiting[•Postoperative care•]
postpartum haemorrhage[•Labour•]
postpartum thyroiditis[•Hyperthyroidism•], [•Hypothyroidism•]
postural hypotension[•Falls and collapses•], [•Hip fracture•]
Prader Willi/Angelman syndromes[•Family with a genetic disorder•]
pre-eclampsia[•Late pregnancy complications•]
prebullous pemphigoid[•Rest home resident with itching and rash•]
precocious puberty[•Child with abnormal puberty•]
preeclampsia[•Risk assessment in early pregnancy•]
pregnancy[•Pregnancy diagnosis•], [•Dysuria•], [•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
pregnancy induced hypertension[•Risk assessment in early pregnancy•], [•Late pregnancy complications•]
premature ovarian failure[•Menopause•]
prematurity[•Congenital hearing loss•]
presbyucsis[•Hearing loss•]
preseptal (periorbital) cellulitis[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
preterm birth[•Late pregnancy complications•]
preterm labour[•Late pregnancy complications•], [•Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy•]
primary and secondary Raynaud's phenomenon[•Painful hands in the cold•]
primary biliary cirrhosis[•Patient with jaundice•], [•Chronic liver disease•]
primary central nervous system lymphoma[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•]
primary hyperaldersteronism[•Secondary hypertension•]
primary insomnia[•Anxiety disorder•]
primary nocturnal enuresis[•Child with disorder of elimination•]
primary ovarian failure[•Amenorrhea•], [•Infertility•]
primary peritoneal and fallopian tube carcinomas[•Postmenopausal bleeding•]
primary polydipsia[•Hyponatraemia•], [•Diabetes insipidus•]
primary sclerosing cholangitis[•Chronic liver disease•]
primary tumour (glioma, meningioma)[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•]
progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy[•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•]
progressive respiratory failure[•Chronic illness in paediatrics•]
progressive supranuclear palsy[•Tremor and parkinsonism•], [•Hip fracture•]
prolactinaemia[•Pregnancy diagnosis•]
prolactinoma[•Amenorrhea•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Infertility•]
prostate adenocarcinoma[•Elevation of prostate-specific antigen•]
prostate cancer[•Acute kidney injury•]
prostatic hypertrophy[•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
prostatitis[•Elevation of prostate-specific antigen•]
protein C/S deficiency[•Deep vein thrombosis•]
pseudo-obstruction[•Bowel obstruction•], [•Postoperative complications•]
pseudohyponatraemia[•Hyponatraemia•]
pseudomembranous colitis[•Rectal bleeding•]
pseudostrabismus[•Infant with strabismus•]
pseudotumour cerebri[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•]
psoas abcess[•Non-specific back pain•]
psoriasis[•Rash on extensor surfaces and joint pains•]
psoriatic arthritis[•Inflammatory low back pain•], [•Reactive arthritis•], [•Child with sore joints•], [•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•], [•Swollen and tender joints•]
psychogenic non-epileptic seizures[•Epilepsy / seizure•]
psychological[•Urinary incontinence in women•]
psychosis of any cause[•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Anxiety disorder•]
PTH-related peptide secreting tumour (particularly breast and lung cancer)[•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•]
pubic rami fracture[•Hip fracture•]
puerperal psychosis[•Postpartum care•]
puerperal sepsis[•Postpartum care•]
pulled (dislocated) elbow[•Fracture•]
pulmonary contusion[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
pulmonary embolism[•Postoperative care•], [•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Heart failure•], [•Postpartum care•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•], [•Preoperative assessment and management•], [•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•], [•Acute chest pain•], [•Deep vein thrombosis•], [•Sudden onset shortness of breath•]
pulmonary fibrosis[•Heart failure•], [•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•]
pulmonary hypertension[•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•]
pulmonary hypertension (primary, secondary to pulmonary embolus)[•Chronic shortness of breath•]
pulmonary hypertension of the newborn[•Labour•]
pulmonary laceration[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
pulmonary regurgitation[•Valvular heart disease•]
pulmonary stenosis[•Valvular heart disease•]
pulseless electrical activity[•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•]
pustular psoriasis[•Rash on extensor surfaces and joint pains•]
pyelonephritis[•Non-specific back pain•], [•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Flank pain and dysuria•], [•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
pyloric stenosis[•Bowel obstruction•], [•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
pyonephrosis[•Flank pain and dysuria•]
pyrexia of unknown origin[•Fever and adenopathy•]
pyschosocial deprivation (maternal depression, disturbed maternal-infant interaction, neglect)[•Failure to thrive•]
quadriceps tendon rupture[•Knee injury•]
radiation burns[•Burns•]
radiation proctitis[•Rectal bleeding•]
radiculopathy[•Acute chest pain•]
radiotherapy toxicity[•Menopause•]
raised intracranial pressure[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Altered level of consciousness in a child•], [•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
Ramsey Hunt syndrome[•Dizziness and vertigo•]
ranula[•Neck lump•]
rare causes of SIADH including ADH-secreting tumours and chemotherapy agents[•Hyponatraemia•]
reactive arthritis[•Inflammatory low back pain•], [•Reactive arthritis•], [•Swollen and tender joints•]
reactive arthritis (post-infectious)[•Child with sore joints•]
reactive or inflammatory arthritis[•Knee pain•]
rectal varices[•Rectal bleeding•]
recurrent acute otitis media[•Congenital hearing loss•]
recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy[•Upper airway disease•]
recurrent skin infection particularly furunculosis[•Itching child•]
recurrent urinary tract infection[•Child with disorder of elimination•]
red cell aplasia[•Anaemia•], [•Pancytopenia•]
referred abdominal pain[•Shoulder pain•]
referred cardiac pain[•Shoulder pain•]
renal artery embolus[•Flank pain and dysuria•]
renal calculi[•Acute severe testicular pain•], [•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Flank pain and dysuria•], [•Late pregnancy complications•], [•Acute kidney injury•]
renal cell carcinoma[•Polycythaemia•], [•Gross haematuria•]
renal disease[•Anaemia•], [•Risk assessment in early pregnancy•]
renal infarction[•Acute abdominal pain•]
renal papillary necrosis[•Flank pain and dysuria•]
renal tubular acidosis types 1 and 2[•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•]
renal vein thrombosis[•Flank pain and dysuria•]
renovascular disease[•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
respiratory distress syndrome[•Infant or child with a murmur•], [•Unwell neonate•]
restless leg syndrome[•Daytime sleepiness•]
retained placenta or tissue/clots[•Labour•]
retained product of conception[•Postpartum care•]
retinal detachment[•Sudden painless loss of vision•]
retinoblastoma[•Infant with an altered light reflex•]
retinoblastoma (red reflex eye examination)[•6 week check•]
retinopathy of prematurity and its stages[•Infant with an altered light reflex•]
retractile testes[•Abdominal or inguinal lump•]
retrobulbar haemorrhage[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
retroperitoneal fibrosis[•Acute kidney injury•]
retropharyngeal abscess[•Sore throat management in the New Zealand context•]
rhabdomyolysis[•Gross haematuria•]
rhabdomyosarcoma[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
rheumatic fever[•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•], [•Child with sore joints•], [•Fever and a new murmur•], [•Osteomyelitis•]
rheumatic heart disease[•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•]
rheumatoid arthritis[•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•], [•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•], [•Chronic limb pain•], [•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•], [•Swollen and tender joints•]
rib fracture[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
rickets[•Child with abnormal gait•]
road traffic crash[•Superficial injuries•]
rosacea[•Pimples and rash on the face•]
rotator cuff disorders[•Shoulder pain•]
rubella[•Infant with jaundice•], [•Fetal health•]
ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm[•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Flank pain and dysuria•], [•Arrhythmias•]
ruptured Baker's cyst[•Acutely painful limb•], [•Deep vein thrombosis•]
salivary gland tumours (as cause of raised PSA)[•Elevation of prostate-specific antigen•]
saphena varix[•Groin lump•]
sarcoid arthropathy[•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•], [•Swollen and tender joints•]
sarcoidosis[•Epistaxis•], [•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•], [•Heart failure•], [•Epilepsy / seizure•], [•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•], [•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•], [•Worsening shortness of breath•]
sarcoma[•Musculoskeletal lump•], [•Groin lump•]
scabies[•Itching child•], [•Rest home resident with itching and rash•]
scalding burns[•Burns•]
schizoaffective disorder[•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•]
schizoid personality disorder[•Personality disorder•]
schizophrenia[•Self-harm•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•]
schizophreniform disorder[•Personality disorder•]
schizotypal personality disorder[•Personality disorder•]
sciatica[•Acutely painful limb•]
scleritis[•Acute or chronic red eye•]
scleroderma[•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
sebaceous cyst[•Neck lump•], [•Groin lump•], [•Breast lump and screening•]
seborrhoeic dermatitis[•Rash on extensor surfaces and joint pains•]
seborrhoeic keratosis[•Skin tumours•]
secondary causes of hypertension[•Risk assessment in early pregnancy•]
secondary hypothyroidism[•Hypothyroidism•]
secondary tumour[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•]
seizure disorder and/or status epilepticus[•Altered level of consciousness in a child•]
seizures[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•], [•Falls and collapses•]
senile cataract[•Gradual deterioration in visual acuity over time•]
sensory strabismus (congenital cataract or other intraocular lesion)[•Infant with strabismus•]
sepsis[•Infant or child with a murmur•], [•Type 1 diabetes mellitus•], [•Pancytopenia•], [•Acute kidney injury•]
sepsis (urinary tract infections)[•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
septic arthritis[•Knee pain•], [•Knee injury•], [•Reactive arthritis•], [•Child with sore joints•], [•Fracture•], [•Osteomyelitis•], [•Acutely painful limb•], [•Febrile infant•], [•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•], [•Swollen and tender joints•], [•Child with abnormal gait•]
septic shock[•Postoperative complications•]
septicaemia[•Unwell neonate•], [•Febrile infant•]
severe acidosis/alkalosis[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•]
severe sepsis[•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•]
severe sepsis/septicaemia[•Fever and a new murmur•]
sexual abuse/emotional trauma[•Child with disorder of elimination•]
sexually transmitted infection[•Contraception•]
sexually transmitted infections[•Acute severe testicular pain•], [•Postmenopausal bleeding•], [•Febrile returning traveller•]
shaken baby syndrome/ non-accidental injury[•Unwell neonate•]
Sheehan's syndrome[•Panhypopituitarism•]
shock (hypovolaemic, distributive, cardiogenic)[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•]
shoulder dystocia[•Labour•]
shoulder instability[•Shoulder pain•]
Shwachman-Diamond syndrome[•Pancytopenia•]
SIADH (pneumonia, other infection, drugs particularly carbamazepine and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), postoperative)[•Hyponatraemia•]
SIADH in head injury including stroke and intracranial haemorrhage[•Hyponatraemia•]
sick euthyroid[•Hypothyroidism•]
sick sinus syndrome[•Arrhythmias•]
side effects of contraception[•Heavy menstrual periods•]
side-effects of medication[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•]
simple phobias[•Anxiety disorder•]
simple pneumothorax[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
simple/tension pneumothorax[•Sudden onset shortness of breath•]
sinusitis[•Headache•], [•Child or adolescent with a headache•]
Sjögren’s syndrome[•Acute or chronic red eye•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•], [•Swollen and tender joints•]
skin laceration and contusion[•Head trauma•], [•Penetrating chest trauma•]
skull and base of skull fractures[•Neck injury•]
skull fracture[•Head trauma•]
sleep deprivation[•Daytime sleepiness•]
slipped femoral capital epiphysis[•Osteomyelitis•]
smoke inhalation[•Compromised airway•]
smoking[•Fetal health•]
social phobia[•Anxiety disorder•], [•Personality disorder•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
social stressors[•Postpartum care•]
soft tissue abscess[•Groin lump•]
soft tissue injuries of extremities[•Forearm / wrist injury•]
solid tumour metastases[•Pancytopenia•]
somatisation disorder[•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•], [•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
space occupying lesion[•Headache•], [•Tremor and parkinsonism•], [•Epilepsy / seizure•]
specific learning disorder[•Disruptive behaviour disorder•]
spinal cord abnormalities (e.g. spina bifida, dysraphism)[•Child with abnormal gait•]
spinal cord injuries[•Neck injury•]
spinal cord injury without radiological abnormality (SCIWORA)[•Neck injury•]
spinal cord syndromes (central, anterior, Brown-Sequard)[•Altered level of consciousness in an adult•]
spinal cord trauma[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
spinal malignancy[•Inflammatory low back pain•], [•Non-specific back pain•]
spinal stenosis[•Non-specific back pain•], [•Acutely painful limb•]
splenic rupture[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
spondyloarthritis[•Gout / acute pain and swelling of knee•]
spondylosis deformans[•Inflammatory low back pain•]
sprain[•Acutely painful limb•]
squamous cell carcinoma[•Skin tumours•], [•Abnormal cervical smear result•]
staggered overdose of 'therapeutic' paracetamol in children (accidental parental excess administration/lack of health literacy)[•Overdose in a child or adolescent•]
status epilepticus[•Altered level of consciousness in an adult•]
sternal fracture[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
steroid use[•Diabetes in pregnancy•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Major depressive episode•]
Stevens Johnson syndrome[•Acute or chronic red eye•], [•Blisters•]
stillbirth[•Labour•]
Stokes-Adams attack[•Epilepsy / seizure•], [•Arrhythmias•]
strain[•Acutely painful limb•]
strangulated hernia[•Groin lump•]
Streptococcus pyogenes pharyngitis[•Sore throat management in the New Zealand context•]
stress fracture[•Deep vein thrombosis•]
stress incontinence[•Urinary incontinence in women•]
stroke[•Dizziness and vertigo•], [•Falls and collapses•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Panhypopituitarism•], [•Hearing loss•]
stroke (ischaemic infarction or bleeding)[•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
sub-conjunctival haemorrhage[•Acute or chronic red eye•]
subacute thyroiditis[•Hyperthyroidism•], [•Hypothyroidism•]
subarachnoid haemorrhage[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Sudden onset severe headache•], [•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Falls and collapses•], [•Panhypopituitarism•], [•Arrhythmias•]
subclavian steal syndrome[•Arrhythmias•]
subcutaneous/orbital emphysema[•Child with red swelling around one eye•]
subdural haemorrhage[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Sudden onset severe headache•], [•Head trauma•], [•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Falls and collapses•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
subdural tumour[•Altered level of consciousness in a child•]
subglottic stenosis[•Neonatal stridor•]
substance abuse[•Fetal health•], [•Self-harm•], [•Eating disorders•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Falls and collapses•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•], [•Epilepsy / seizure•], [•Sudden onset shortness of breath•]
substance abuse (especially psychostimulants)[•Bipolar affective disorder•]
substance abuse and dependence[•Personality disorder•]
substance-induced anxiety disorder[•Anxiety disorder•]
suicide attempt[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•]
sunburn[•Burns•]
superior mesenteric artery syndrome[•Bowel obstruction•]
surgery[•Menopause•]
surgical emphysema[•Penetrating chest trauma•]
sustained and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia[•Arrhythmias•]
Sydenham's chorea[•Tremor and parkinsonism•]
syphilis[•Infant with jaundice•], [•Fetal health•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Dysuria•], [•Hearing loss•], [•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)[•Headache, morning stiffness and shoulder pain•], [•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•], [•Painful hands in the cold•], [•Self-harm•], [•Eating disorders•], [•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Pimples and rash on the face•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Delirium / dementia•], [•Chronic limb pain•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•], [•Epilepsy / seizure•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•], [•Hearing loss•], [•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•], [•Swollen and tender joints•], [•Acute kidney injury•], [•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
systemic sclerosis[•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•], [•Painful hands in the cold•], [•Dysphagia•]
systemic sepsis[•Bowel obstruction•]
tachy-brady syndrome[•Arrhythmias•]
teenage pregnancy[•Pregnancy diagnosis•]
temporal lobe epilepsy[•Acute psychosis•]
temporomandibular joint dysfunction[•Headache•]
tendon laceration[•Hand injury•]
tendon rupture (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis or post-fracture)[•Hand injury•]
tendon sheath infection[•Hand injury•]
tension headache[•Headache•], [•Sudden onset severe headache•]
tension headaches[•Child or adolescent with a headache•]
tension pneumothorax[•Penetrating chest trauma•], [•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•]
teratogens[•Fetal health•]
tertiary syphilis[•Agitated and combative patient•]
testicular cancer in an undescended testis[•Groin lump•]
testicular seminoma[•Acute severe testicular pain•]
testicular teratoma[•Acute severe testicular pain•]
testicular torsion[•Acute severe testicular pain•], [•Abdominal or inguinal lump•], [•Irritable infant•]
testicular trauma[•Acute severe testicular pain•]
tetanus[•Superficial injuries•], [•Hand injury•]
tetra/paraplegia[•Urinary incontinence in women•]
thalassaemia[•Anaemia•], [•Family with a genetic disorder•]
thoracic spine pathology[•Shoulder pain•]
thrombo-occlusive peripheral vascular disease[•Acutely painful limb•]
thrombocytopenia[•Gross haematuria•]
thromboembolic peripheral vascular disease[•Acutely painful limb•]
thrombophilia[•Postpartum care•], [•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
thrombophlebitis[•Acutely painful limb•], [•Deep vein thrombosis•]
thyroglossal cyst[•Neck lump•]
thyroid agenesis[•Hypothyroidism•]
thyroid cancer[•Neck lump•]
thyroid disorders[•Menopause•]
thyroid dysfunction[•Heavy menstrual periods•], [•Pregnancy diagnosis•], [•Infertility•]
thyroid eye disease[•Diplopia•]
thyroid nodule/adenoma[•Neck lump•]
TIA[•Dizziness and vertigo•]
tibial plateau fractures[•Knee injury•]
tinea corporis[•Adult eczema•], [•Rash on extensor surfaces and joint pains•]
tinea cruris/corporis/onychomycosis[•Rest home resident with itching and rash•]
tinea pedis[•Skin and soft tissue infection•]
Todd's palsy[•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
tonic-clonic seizures[•Epilepsy / seizure•]
tonsillitis[•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•], [•Upper airway disease•]
torsion of testicular appendage[•Acute severe testicular pain•]
toxic epidermal necrolysis[•Blisters•]
toxic multinodular goitre[•Hyperthyroidism•]
toxic thyroid adenoma[•Hyperthyroidism•]
toxin ingestion[•Infant with vomiting and diarrhoea•]
toxocariasis[•Infant with an altered light reflex•]
toxoplasmosis[•Infant with jaundice•], [•Fever and adenopathy•]
tracheitis[•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•], [•Sore throat management in the New Zealand context•]
tracheo-oesophageal fistula[•Neonatal stridor•]
tracheoesophageal fistula[•Unwell neonate•]
tracheomalacia[•Neonatal stridor•]
transfusion-related iron overload[•Haemochromatosis•]
transient hip synovitis[•Child with abnormal gait•]
transient ischaemic attack[•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
transient tachypnea of the newborn[•Unwell neonate•]
transverse myelitis[•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•]
trauma[•Acute or chronic red eye•], [•Epistaxis•], [•Reactive arthritis•], [•Compromised airway•], [•Osteomyelitis•], [•Acutely painful limb•], [•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•], [•Gross haematuria•]
trauma (accidental)[•Child with sore joints•]
trauma during birth[•Postpartum care•]
traumatic amputations[•Hand injury•]
traumatic brain injury[•Neck injury•]
traumatic injury[•Child with abnormal gait•]
traumatic mydriasis[•Pupil abnormality•]
trichomonas[•Dysuria•]
tricuspid regurgitation[•Valvular heart disease•]
tricuspid stenosis[•Valvular heart disease•]
tricuspid valve prolapse[•Valvular heart disease•]
tricyclic antidepressant overdose[•Self-harm•]
trigeminal neuralgia[•Headache•], [•Sudden onset severe headache•]
tubal infertility (pelvic inflammatory disease)[•Infertility•]
tuberculosis[•Neck lump•], [•SLE / fatigue / pain and swelling in the hands•], [•Febrile returning traveller•], [•Adrenal crisis•], [•Haemoptysis and abnormal chest X-ray•], [•Fever and adenopathy•], [•Pneumonia•]
tuberculous arthritis (Pott's disease)[•Inflammatory low back pain•]
tuberculous meningitis[•Space occupying lesion / progressive unilateral weakness•]
tuberculous spinal disease[•Non-specific back pain•]
tuberous sclerosis[•Epilepsy / seizure•], [•Family with a genetic disorder•]
tubo-ovarian abscess,non-gynaecological causes of abdominal pain[•Gynaecological abdominal pain•]
tumours[•Chronic abdominal pain in children and adolescents•]
tympanic membrane perforation[•Glue ear•]
tympanic membrane rupture[•Hearing loss•]
type 1 diabetes mellitus[•Diabetes in pregnancy•], [•Acute presentation of diabetes mellitus•], [•Type 1 diabetes mellitus•], [•Type 2 diabetes mellitus•]
type 2 diabetes mellitus[•Diabetes in pregnancy•], [•Type 1 diabetes mellitus•], [•Clinical audit•], [•Type 2 diabetes mellitus•]
type II respiratory failure[•Daytime sleepiness•]
typhoid fever[•Febrile returning traveller•]
ulcerative colitis[•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•]
unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia[•Infant with jaundice•]
undescended or ectopic testes[•Abdominal or inguinal lump•]
undiagnosed maternal pre-existing conditions such as diabetes[•Fetal health•]
undifferentiated somatoform disorder[•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•]
undifferentiated spondyloarthritis[•Reactive arthritis•]
unexplained infertility[•Infertility•]
unplanned pregnancy[•Contraception•], [•Pregnancy diagnosis•]
upper respiratory tract infection[•Epistaxis•], [•Febrile infant•]
upper respiratory tract infection (including croup)[•Child with respiratory distress•]
uraemic encephalopathy[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•], [•Agitated and combative patient•]
uraemic/hepatic encephalopathy[•Delirium / dementia•]
ureteric obstruction and hydronephrosis[•Flank pain and dysuria•]
ureteric transitional cell carcinoma[•Gross haematuria•]
urethritis/vaginitis[•Urinary incontinence in women•]
urge incontinence[•Urinary incontinence in women•]
urinary tract infection[•Urinary incontinence in women•], [•Postoperative care•], [•Acute severe testicular pain•], [•Acute abdominal pain•], [•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Delirium / dementia•], [•Elevation of prostate-specific antigen•], [•Acute abdominal pain in children and adolescents•], [•Late pregnancy complications•], [•Febrile infant•], [•Diabetes insipidus•]
urogenital atrophy[•Urinary incontinence in women•], [•Menopause•]
urticarial vasculitis[•Facial swelling and itchy rash•]
uterine arterio-venous malformation[•Postpartum care•]
uterine atony[•Labour•], [•Postpartum care•]
uterine cancer[•Adult with abdominal mass•]
uterine inversion[•Labour•]
uterine malformation[•Labour•]
uterine rupture[•Labour•], [•Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy•]
vaginal abuse[•Postmenopausal bleeding•]
vaginal trauma[•Postmenopausal bleeding•], [•Gynaecological abdominal pain•], [•Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy•]
vaginitis[•Dysuria•]
valvular heart disease[•Pre-admission and surgical risk assessment•]
varicella-zoster virus[•Fetal health•]
varicocele[•Acute severe testicular pain•], [•Groin lump•]
varicose vein[•Groin lump•]
vasa praevia[•Vaginal bleeding late in pregnancy•]
vascular dementia[•Dementia / disturbance of memory / cognitive function•], [•Delirium / dementia•]
vascular malformation[•Upper gastrointestinal bleeding•], [•Epilepsy / seizure•]
vascular tumours[•Musculoskeletal lump•]
vasculitis[•Facial swelling and itchy rash•], [•Neuromuscular disease / generalised muscle weakness•], [•Sudden onset severe headache•], [•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•], [•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•], [•Chronic kidney disease / asymptomatic worsening renal function•]
vasovagal syncope[•Falls and collapses•], [•Epilepsy / seizure•], [•Arrhythmias•]
venous eczema and other forms of dermatitis[•Chronic limb pain•]
venous insufficiency[•Chronic limb pain•], [•Skin and soft tissue infection•]
venous sinus thrombosis[•Sudden onset severe headache•], [•Stroke / TIA / sudden onset unilateral weakness•]
venous stasis dermatitis[•Deep vein thrombosis•]
venous thromboembolism[•Contraception•], [•Labour•]
ventricular fibrillation[•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•]
ventricular septal defect[•Valvular heart disease•]
ventricular tachycardia[•Out of hospital cardiac arrest•]
vertebral fracture[•Non-specific back pain•]
vertebral osteomyelitis[•Inflammatory low back pain•], [•Non-specific back pain•]
vertebrobasilar artery TIA[•Arrhythmias•]
vertebrobasilar insufficiency[•Dizziness and vertigo•]
vestibular neuritis[•Dizziness and vertigo•]
viral conjunctivitis[•Watery eye in an infant•]
viral meningitis[•Fever and headache•]
viral upper respiratory tract infection[•Fever and headache•], [•Upper respiratory tract symptoms•]
viral-induced wheeze[•Child with respiratory distress•]
visual impairment[•Hip fracture•]
visual or hearing impairment[•Before school check•]
vitamin B12/folate deficiency[•Anaemia•], [•Agitated and combative patient•], [•Pancytopenia•]
vitamin D toxicity[•Hypercalcaemia and back pain•]
vitamin K/haemorrhagic disease of the newborn[•Unwell neonate•]
vitreous hemorrhage[•Infant with an altered light reflex•], [•Sudden painless loss of vision•]
vocal cord paralysis[•Compromised airway•]
vocal fold cyst[•Neonatal stridor•]
vocal fold nodule[•Neonatal stridor•]
vocal fold papilloma[•Neonatal stridor•]
volvulus[•Bowel obstruction•]
von Willebrand’s disease[•Epistaxis•]
vulval intraepithelial neoplasia[•Abnormal cervical smear result•]
vulval skin disorders[•Postmenopausal bleeding•]
vulvar cancer[•Abnormal cervical smear result•]
Waldenstrōm macroglobulinaema[•Lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly•]
warfarin toxicity[•Unexplained loss of consciousness•]
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome[•Adrenal crisis•]
Wernicke's encephalopathy[•Agitated and combative patient•]
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome[•Acute psychosis•], [•Major depressive episode•], [•Delirium / dementia•], [•Alcohol and drug dependence disorders•]
whiplash[•Neck injury•]
Whipple's disease[•Agitated and combative patient•]
white coat hypertension[•Secondary hypertension•]
whooping cough[•Child with respiratory distress•]
Wilson's disease[•Acute psychosis•], [•Bipolar affective disorder•], [•Medically unexplained physical symptoms•], [•Tremor and parkinsonism•], [•Chronic liver disease•]
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome[•Arrhythmias•]
wound dehiscence[•Postoperative complications•]
wound infection[•Superficial injuries•]
wound/episiotomy/urine infections[•Labour•]
wrist and forearm fractures[•Forearm / wrist injury•]
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome[•Chronic upper abdominal symptoms•]
DiagnosisScenarios(s)